09.02.2011 / EN
FCI-Standard N° 335
(Central Asia Shepherd Dog)
ORIGIN: USSR (Regions of Central Asia).
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID
UTILIZATION: Guard and watch dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher & Schnauzer type,
Molossoid Breeds, Swiss
Mountain- and Cattle Dogs.
Section 2.2. Molossoid Breeds, Mountain
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Central Asia Shepherd Dog
(CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of dogs. They were formed
as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand
years in the vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the
Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. Its
heritage is from the most ancient dogs of Tibet, Cattle Dogs from
various nomad tribes’ dogs that are closely related to the Mongolian
Shepherd Dog and the Tibetan Mastiff. The CASD were mainly
used to protect cattle, caravans and the owner’s dwellings, and being
exposed to rigid natural selection. Hard living conditions and
constant struggle against predators have had influence on the shape
as well as the dog’s character and it has made it strong, fearless, and
taught it to save its energy. In the places of primordial habitation,
the CASD were used mainly to protect herds from predators and
also as guard dogs.
The work with the breed started in the USSR in the 1930s.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is
of harmonious build and large stature, moderately long (neither long
nor short in body).
Robust, muscular body, voluminous, but not with visible muscles.
Sexual dimorphism is clearly defined. The males are more massive
and courageous than females with more pronounced withers and a
larger head. Full maturity is reached by the age of 3 years.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of body only slightly
exceeds the height at withers. Larger stature is desirable but
proportional constitution must remain. Length of forelegs up to the
elbow is 50-52 % of the height at the withers. The length of muzzle
is less than 1/2 the length of head, but more than a 1/3.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Self assured, balanced
quiet, proud and independent. The dogs are very courageous and
have high working capacity, endurance and a natural instinct of
territory. Fearlessness towards large predators is a characteristic
HEAD: Massive and in balance with general appearance. Head
shape is close to rectangular, seen from above and side.
CRANIAL REGION: Deep in skull. The forehead is flat and the
skull part is flat and long. Occiput is well defined but hardly visible,
because of well developed muscles. Supraorbital ridges are
Stop: Stop is moderately defined.
Nose: Large, well developed but not exceeding the general contour
of the muzzle. Colour of the nose is black but in white and fawn
coloured dogs the nose can be lighter.
Muzzle: The muzzle is blunt and of moderate length, it is almost
rectangular viewed from above and sides and narrowing very
slightly towards the nose. Muzzle is voluminous, deep and well
filled under the eyes.
Bridge of muzzle is broad, straight and sometimes with a slight
down face. Chin is well developed.
Lips: Thick, upper lips tightly covering the lower lips when the
mouth is closed. Full black pigmentation is preferable.
Jaws / Teeth: The jaws are strong and broad. Teeth are large, white
and close to each other, 42 in total. Incisors are set on a line. Scissors
bite, pincer bite and also reversed scissors bite is accepted. Canines
are set well apart. An injury to the teeth that does not affect the use
of the bite is of no consequence.
Cheeks: The Cheekbones are long and well developed, without
interfering with the rectangular shape of head.
EYES: Medium sized, with oval form, set well apart, looking
straight ahead, and moderately deep set. The colour of the eyes from
dark brown to hazel. The darker colour is preferable. The eyelids are
thick and preferably with lower eye lid not too loose. No visible
third eyelid. Fully pigmented eyes rims are preferred. Whatever the
colour of coat, eye rims should be black. Expression is confident and
EARS: Medium sized, triangular shape, thick, low set and hanging.
Lower part of ear base is level with, or slightly below the eyes.
Traditional ear-cropping, in the fashion illustrated on the cover, is
still practiced in country of origin and in countries where it is not
prohibited by law.
NECK: The neck is of medium length, very powerful, oval at crosssection, well muscled, and low set. Dewlap is a specific breed
Top line: Well proportioned and well sustained, and must keep
typical topline in stance.
Withers: Well defined, especially in males, muscular, long and high,
with well defined transition to the back.
Back: Straight, broad, well muscled, the actual length is about ½ of
the length from the withers to tail set.
Loin: Short, broad, muscled, slightly arched.
Croup: Moderately long, broad, well muscled, slightly sloping to tail
set. The height at the withers exceeds the height over rump by 1-2
Chest: Deep, long, broad, distinctly developed, ribcage broadening
towards the back. False ribs are long. Lower part of the chest is level
with the elbow or slightly below. Fore chest extends slightly in front
of the humerus/scapula joint.
Underline and belly: Belly is moderately tucked up.
TAIL: Thick at the base and set fairly high. The natural tail is
carried in a sickle curve or curled in a loose ring that begins at the
last third of the tail. When alert the tail rises to the line of back or
slightly above. Hanging at rest. Traditional tail docking, in the
fashion illustrated on the cover, is still practiced in country of origin
and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.
Natural tail is of equal value to a docked tail.
General appearance: Forelegs are straight with strong bone, seen
from the front parallel and not close together. Seen from the side, the
forearms are straight.
Shoulder: Shoulder blade long, well laid back, forming an angle with
the upper arm about 100°. Well muscled.
Upper arm: Oblique, long, and strong.
Elbow: Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm: Straight, very strong bone, long, oval cross-section.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Moderate length, broad, strong, upright
Forefeet: Large, rounded, arching toes, pads are voluminous and
thick; nails could be of any color.
General appearance: Viewed from the rear straight and parallel, set a
little wider than forequarters.
Thigh: Broad, moderately long and strongly muscled.
Stifle (Knee): Turning neither in nor out. The knee angulation is
Lower thigh: Of almost the same length as upper thigh.
Hock joint: Moderate angle.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Very strong of moderate length,
perpendicular. No dewclaws.
Hind feet: Large, rounded, arching toes, pads are voluminous and
thick; nails could be of any color.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Well balanced and elastic. Trot with free
reach in the forequarters and with powerful drive from the
hindquarters. Top line is steady while moving. All joints to bend
without effort. The angulations in hindquarters is more distinct when
moving than in standing pose.
SKIN: Thick, sufficiently elastic loose lying to prevent injuries if in
combat with predators.
Hair: Abundant, straight coarse and with well developed undercoat.
Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and dense.
Coat on withers is often longer. The guard coat can be short or
slightly longer. Depending on the length of the outer coat there can
be either shorter hair (3-5 cm), covering the whole body or with
longer hair (7-10 cm) which forms a mane on the neck, feathers
behind the ears and on the back parts of the limbs and on the tail.
Colour: Any, except genetic blue and genetic brown in any
combination and black mantel on tan.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males: Minimum 70 cms.
Females: Minimum 65 cms.
Large size desirable, but proportional constitution must remain.
Weight: Males: Minimum 50 kgs.
Females: Minimum 40 kgs.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a
fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the
health and welfare of the dog.
• Slight deviations from the breed type.
• Female tending male type.
• Rounded skull, narrow muzzle & narrow lower jaw, small nose.
• Eyes obliquely or close set, loose eyelids.
• Ears high set.
• Thin or loose hanging lips.
• High over the croup. Slightly short croup.
• Narrow front.
• Exaggerated angulations in hindquarters.
• Splayed feet and long toes.
• Hackney gait, slightly un-balanced movement.
• Very short coat
• Highly strung.
• Significant deviation from required type and constitution.
• Leggy appearance; light in bone, soft muscles.
• Eyes too light or bulging eyes.
• Top line falling away.
• Croup much higher than the withers.
• Narrow, short and steep croup.
• Natural stubbed tail, kinked tail.
• Pasterns too high, down in pastern.
• Hindquarters set too far under body.
• Height at withers 2 cm less than stated minimum.
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities.
• Timid, overexcited.
• Male of female type.
• Overshot or distinctly undershot bite.
• Eyes of different colour, blue or green eyes; squint.
• Loose joints.
• Coat of any combination of genetic brown or genetic blue
• Colour that is tan with distinctive black mantle.
• Coat that is curly or soft.
• Unbalanced movement
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed
typical conformation should be used for breeding.